22 January – 7 April 2011
Exhibition Preservation Partner: American Express Foundation
Royal Academy of Arts, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London W1J OBD

Text by Francesca Di Fraia

LONDON. Unlike other shows hosted by the Royal Academy, Modern British Sculpture is preceded by ungenerous criticisms spreading from the media and the general public. The visitor who enters the rooms of the Academy carefully looks around in search of what could have possibly undermine the success of the show. It doesn’t take much to find the biggest crack. The panel in the first room presents three major questions: “What is modern?” “What is British?” “What is sculpture?” . Questions that by the end of the show leave the public with enormous confusion. Disappointment that perhaps has to do with the challenge posed by the ambitious curatorial project of Tate Britain’s director, Dr. Penelope Curtis, and the artist Keith Wilson. The show is designed as a site-specific project where a broad selection of works – yet somehow hybrid and oblivious to other major British artists like Kapoor, Gormley and Whiteread – tracks the different paths that has gathered artists around the main institutions in London, sometimes despite their geographical origin.

The aim of the curators was to put the Royal Academy in an abstract epicentre from which artists, research fields, attitudes, philosophies branch off witnessing, as they go, the British culture, style, debate. Ancient sculptures from India, Thebe, Assyria, Rapa Nui account for British sculptures as they nowadays are part of London-based museums, the UK establishment.

The archaeological section is followed by an impressive Epstein’s Adam, a sculpture mirroring large scale works kept at the British Museum, and an sexually allusive marble snake by Moore, a smaller scale sculpture. The very heart of the show’s rationale is then found in a representation of Queen Victoria seated on a throne. Another exemplar where statuary and monumental are brought together to symbolize the power flanked by the arts, in this case embodied by the depiction  of three male figures who happened to be Presidents of the Royal Academy.

But as we turn our backs to the Queen a section on Chinese ceramics collected by  Eumorfopoulos, a British connoisseur of Chinese art, forces us to deal with a crucial question: is this really British? Can artifacts, crafts, be considered sculpture as such? Is this section worth the exclusion of other artists?

But fortunately, to the delight of the public, the four most representative rooms of the exhibition guide the visitor through a range of aesthetic vibes. The rooms are dedicated respectively to the dialogue/dichotomy of Moore and Hepworth’s works; to the early example of installation art found in Environmental Constructions by Pasmore and Hamilton’s On Exhibit; to Anthony Caro’s Early One Morning that synthesises and goes beyond the abstraction-figuration/horizontal-vertical tensions observed in Moore and Hepworth; and finally to the late 80s and early 90s, an era of change where sculpture meets photography.

Maybe the only big mistake is that the show doesn’t span across all of what the public reckons deserves to hold up the national flag of sculpture, maybe the curators “just” needed to demand a larger space to include the “big absents”, or maybe, they could have given the show a different name.

Francesca Di Fraia
Editor based in London

Modern British Sculpture has been organised by the Royal Academy of Arts. The exhibition has been curated by Dr Penelope Curtis, Director of the Tate Britain, and sculptor Keith Wilson, in conjunction with Dr Adrian Locke, Exhibitions Curator, Royal Academy of Arts.

Raymond Joabar, Managing Director American Express UK said “Cultural heritage forms our individual, local and national identities. At American Express we believe that respect for, and celebration of, our diverse cultural heritage promotes human understanding and economic development in an increasingly interdependent world. We actively support organisations and projects that preserve or rediscover important cultural works and major historic sites in order to provide ongoing access and enjoyment for current and future audiences.

American Express is proud to support the Royal Academy in the opening of this very special exhibition which brings together important and influential works of British sculpture that are being restored and will be shown for the first time in a generation.”


Modern British Sculpture will be accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue edited by Dr Penelope Curtis and Keith Wilson, explaining the choices of works in the exhibition. Fourteen short essays have also been commissioned from a range of different voices, including artists, art-historians and younger scholars.

Press View: Tuesday 18 January, 10am – 2pm
Open to public: Saturday 22 January – Thursday 7 April
10am – 6pm daily (last admission 5.30pm)
Late night opening: Fridays until 10pm (last admission 9.30pm)

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The Author

Francesca Di Fraia

Francesca Di Fraia

Francesca Di Fraia is specialized in History of Art and Cultural Relations. Her
main interests are visual arts and theatre. In 2004 she worked as a mime at the
San Carlo Opera House in Naples, Italy. In 2006 she moved to London to work
as a Modern Foreign Language teacher in a Language College. In 2007 she
worked as an Art Consultant for Enzina Fuschini, an Italian designer based in
England. In 2008 she gave lectures on Contemporary Spanish Cinema at King’s
College, University of London. Meanwhile, from April 2008 to January 2010
she worked as a curator for the Korean artist Francesca Cho for whom she
organized a three-day exhibition at Fulham Library in London which took place
in July 2009. She also held talks at the Korean Institute of Culture for a project
entitled “Korea’s Cultural Legacy” where Francesca Cho’s work was a
fundamental part of the celebration of the rich culture of the above mentioned
Asian country.
In the spring of 2010 Francesca Di Fraia started to work as a freelance journalist
for Art a Part of Cult(ure) and 1F Mediaproject, both Cultural Associations
based in Rome founded by the Italian artist Raffaella Losapio.

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